Find Out If Guinea Pigs Can Eat Endive (Right Now)

So, you want to try feeding your guinea pig some new and different types of vegetables. You might be running out of options and could be considering new foods like endive. But, can your guinea pig eat endive?

Guinea pigs can safely eat endives, which contain essential vitamins and minerals. Like most leafy vegetables, it’s best to serve endives 2 to 3 times a week. Rotate 2 or 3 types of leafy vegetables into your guinea pig’s food dish each week to provide a wide variety of nutrients.

can guinea pigs eat endive

Read on to find out more information about how endive can help your little friends live longer, healthier, happier lives!

What’s Endive And Can Guinea Pigs Eat It?

Endive is a leafy vegetable from the chicory family. It’s similar to lettuce, but much more nutritious.  It can taste a little bitter.   

However, endive is safe for guinea pigs to eat.  It has many benefits for guinea pigs as long as it’s served properly and not overfed.

This leafy vegetable has several health benefits. It’s high in fiber, Vitamin A, and lot of other important nutrients like Vitamin C and dietary fiber, which are essential for guinea pig health and wellness.

This leafy vegetable is a good nutritional option for piggies as it has relatively low levels of phosphorus, sugar and calcium content.  At least when compared to some other leafy vegetables.

Allowing your little friends to eat endive in small amounts can supply them with the nutrients they need, while not over-feeding them.

can guinea pig eat endive

How Often Can Guinea Pigs Eat Endive?

Variety and moderation are important in a guinea pig’s diet. Endive can be eaten frequently, about say 2 to 3 times a week. But, it shouldn’t be eaten everyday.


Variety (as much as you can provide) and moderation are important to balance a guinea pig’s diet. That way you know that your fur babies are getting everything they need in terms of nutrition.

If all your piggies ate was this leafy vegetable, they’d miss out on the variety of other nutrients they need to stay healthy.

The only foods that really should be served to piggies on a daily basis are: hay (for digestion and teeth-grinding) and bell peppers (a fantastic source of Vitamin C).

All other produce should be fed on a rotating basis. Take a look at the chart below for an example:

-Green Bell Pepper
-Mustard Greens
-Yellow Bell Pepper
-Endive-Escarole-Cucumber-Green Bell Pepper
-Mustard Greens-Radicchio
-Yellow Bell Pepper-Cilantro
-Endive-Kale-Broccoli leaves
-Green Bell Pepper

Just “mix it up” with a variety of vegetables. It’s recommended that your piggie have 1 cup of fresh vegetables per day to provide essential vitamins and minerals like vitamin C.  

How Can I Make Eating Endive Safer For My Guinea Pig?

Generally speaking, endive is safe when fed in moderation. But, there are a precautions that you need to take to make sure your piggies stay safe when you feed them.

  • Check for an allergic reaction to endives. If it’s the first time you’re feeding guinea pigs endive, only give them a tiny piece. Observe them for symptoms like scratching, hives or itchiness. If you notice these symptoms, consult an exotic vet immediately.
  • Start small. You should introduce it slowly by offering them a small piece and gradually increasing the amount over time. Piggies have sensitive stomachs, so give them time to adjust to anything new you serve them.
  • Don’t feed guinea pigs cooked endives. Piggie digestive systems are not equipped to handle cooked vegetables. Actually, they’re not meant to eat cooked foods at all. You should only feed your little friends veggies that are raw and fresh. That way your piggies can benefit from all the nutrients.

Don’t get too worried. None of these things are a big deal. And the advantages of feeding your piggie endives outweigh the disadvantages. With proper precautions, he will be just fine eating them.

Nutrition Facts In Endive (How Nutritious Are They?)

Believe it or not, endives are also associated with lettuce. Some lettuces and other green leafy vegetables are great for your piggies. While others aren’t. 

Here’s the breakdown of the main nutrients:

Nutritional Value of 100g (3.5 oz) of raw endives (U.S. Department of Agriculture)

Energy17 cal
Vitamin C6.5
Vitamin A108mg
Calcium52 mg 

Now, let’s take a peek at some specific guinea pig nutritional perks that this leafy veggie can offer:


This endive contains a lot of vitamins and minerals in each serving. It also has antioxidants that help protect cells from damage.

Antioxidants are powerful and they help prevent chronic disease. One study about antioxidants showed that this vegetable is rich in them, including quercetin, kaempferol, myricetin and others.

Vitamins, Vitamins, and More Vitamins

Guiena pigs need a lot of vitamins and a balance of nutrients to stay healthy. And endive is a great source for guiena pigs to get some of what they need.

  • Vitamin A: Guiena pigs can get vitamin A from eating endive because the vegetable has beta-carotene. This compound helps guiena pigs stave off infections and helps with eye sight. Vitamin A is also an antioxidant that helps keep your piggie’s skin, heart, and brain healthy.
  • Vitamin B: It’s loaded huge amounts of Vitamin V. They are folate, thiamin, niacin and riboflavin. These all help your piggie’s brain work and make their little bodies use fat to make energy. Without Vitamin B, this would be next to impossible.
  • Vitamin C: Unfortunately, don’t contain a great deal of Vitamin C.  At least not as much as other vegetables, but guiena pigs can still benefit from the Vitamin C in this vegetable. Vitamin C supports immune system function and guiena pigs need a strong immune system to fight off disease.

If you want more tips on what’s safe for you piggies to eat, check out these posts:

Low In Sugar

One of the many benefits of endives is they can help your fur babies stay fit and healthy. It’s okay to feed piggies a small treat that’s high in sugar occasionally. If you do this too often, they can easily become unhealthy.

Endives are a healthier option because not only are these vegetables low in calories, fat, and sugars but also provide your little friends with essential vitamins and minerals they need to stay fit.

can guinea pigs eat endive

How Should You Prepare Endives For Your Guinea Pig?

If you decide to feed guinea pigs endive, use the information below to prepar vegetable properly. Follow the tips below:

  • Wash the the vegetable thoroughly before feeding them. This will help remove pesticides, chemicals and dirt. (Good for you if you can lay your hands on an organic one!)
  • Remove a few of the outer leaves and chop the bottom off.
  • Tear off a leaf and give it a quick 1/2 water, 1/2 vinegar wash.
  • Feed it to your furry friends. There’s no need to chop it into small pieces. Your piggie’s teeth will make short work of this leafy vegetable.

After you follow these steps, wait until the leaves have dried out. Do NOT use bleach to clean vegetables you will later feed to your pet. Some people recommend it to kill the bacteria, but it could harm your fur baby.

Here’s a video to show you how to prepare it.

Let’s Talk About Different Varieties of Endives

There are more kind of endives. They can be different in some ways, but they are all healthy.

The good thing is that they have vitamins and nutrients that your little friend needs. That means it will be less likely for them to get sick with a disease. 

Here’s a short, not exhaustive list of vegetables in the “endive family”

Belgian Endive

It is a bitter vegetable and found commonly in grocery stores. People use the roots to create an alternative to coffee. Additionally, it brings seven calories, roughly 1.25 g of carbs (mainly fiber), 1.3 g of protein, and less than 0.1 g of fat per every 100 g serving.

Endives are a great source of vitamin K. Even though there are no conclusive studies about how good vitamin K can be to a pig. Apparently, this vitamin regulates the liver enzymes related to coagulation (or how blood clots when the skin is cut). This means vitamin K can come in handy if your pig suffers any injuries that can potentially lead to a hemorrhage.


Also known as red endive. This leafy vegetable contains inulin, a fiber you can also find in bananas and asparagus. Inulin helps your furry friends with digestion and nutrient absorption. Also, radicchio includes vitamins C, B5, and E, essential for a piggie’s diet.

Curly Endive Lettuce

This leafy green is very famous in salads—the greener the leaves, the more vitamins and minerals it contains. Curly endive or curly chicory is an excellent source of vitamin C, K, and A.

Escarole Lettuce

Often compared to kale, escarole lettuce is one of the less bitter endives. It brings about the same kind of vitamins as its veggie relatives. It has green leaves and the same look at regular lettuce. Escarole is high in fiber and also contains iron, copper, and zinc.

Frequently Asked Questions About Endives And Other Lettuces

Can Guinea Pigs Have Large Portions Of Endive ?

Guinea pigs shouldn’t eat too much endive because they can get stomach pain, diarrhea, gas, or even start to throw up. Guinea pigs should only have a few leaves of the vegetable per guinea pig. This is enough for the guinea pig to safely get all the healthy nutrients they need. You should combine it with other guinea pig safe foods like guinea pig pellets and guinea pig hay.

Do Guinea Pigs Like Endive?

Even though endive has a bitter taste, a number of guinea pigs enjoy eating it. Guinea pig taste buds are different from ours. So, what we consider disgusting is a fantastic treat to them. Either way, you won’t know if your piggie likes it unless you try. Try mixing a small amount of the leaves into your piggie’s salad the next time you have a meal.

If you notice that your guinea pig is enjoying eating endives, then you can start giving them some as a daily snack or part of their guinea pig diet. However, make sure you don’t overfeed them.  The guinea pigs can get diarrhea or stomach discomfort if they eat too much.

What Lettuce Should Guinea Pigs Avoid?

Avoid feeding iceberg lettuce to guinea pigs. Iceberg lettuce doesn’t offer any significant nutrients to them. It lacks minerals, vitamins and fiber.

In fact, iceberg lettuce is mostly water. That means that it can make your guinea pig sick with diarrhea or other gut problems if you overfeed it.

Additionally, iceberg lettuce is loaded with a substance (lactucarium) that’s unhealthy for guinea pigs. Lactucarium is a milk-like fluid that makes induces sleepiness and reduces pain.

Don’t freak out if you’ve given your guinea pig a few leaves a iceberg lettuce. A few nibbles won’t hurt them. But, you don’t want to make it a habit.

Final Thoughts About Guinea Pigs And Endives

Your guinea pig will thank you for introducing them to endives! This leafy green vegetable is high in Vitamin A, fiber, antioxidants, and other essential nutrients.

To keep things interesting and fun, pair endive with guinea pig food and treats that they already like. And try rotating 2 or 3 types of vegetables into your guinea pigs diet each week to avoid health issues. 

A healthy mix of vegetables means that you’re little friends will have access to a wide range of vitamins and minerals.  Remember that you want your furry friends to have a balanced diet.  

Now that you know how important this veggie is for your pet’s health, we hope they’ll enjoy it as much as their humans do!

So, are you going to add endive to your guinea pig’s dinner dish this week? Or will you try something else?

Let me know in the comments below.

(PDF) Oxalate content of commercially packed salad Greens. (2009, July 1). ResearchGate.

FoodData central: Endives, Raw. (2018, April). FoodData Central.

Guinea pig feeding. (n.d.). The Humane Society of the United States.

Identification of phenolic constituents in Cichorium endivia var. crispum and var. latifolium salads by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection and electrospray ioniziation tandem mass spectrometry. (2012, November 29). PubMed.

Other full case: Wild lettuce (Lactuca virosa) toxicity. (n.d.). PubMed Central (PMC).

Oxalic acid content of selected foods. (2015, April 22). LafeberVet.

What can I feed my Guinea pig – The Guinea pig safe food list | The Guinea pig blog – Happy cavy. (2019, January 8). Live Guinea Pig Webcams and Blog | 3 guinea pigs, 4 live web cams.

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